Travel Guide to Anuradhapura Sri Lanka -2020


Ancient history and settlement in Anuradhapura.

Historical records suggest that Anuradhapura ; The North Central Province, covers an important era in the Sri Lankan history the very first capital (3rd BC -10th AD) of ancient Sri Lanka, established in 380 BC by a minister of King Pandukhabaya by the name of Anuradha, on the banks of River Malwatu Oya, was once the greatest monastic city of the world.
The political and religious capital of Sri Lanka over the course of 1300 years until an invasion abruptly ended its reign in 993. With its dagobas (stupas) and temples dating back to the 4th century BC, it’s one of the many UNESCO World Heritage Sites found in Sri Lanka.

abhayagiri dagoba anuradhapura sri lanka

Anuradhapura weather

What is the Weather in Anuradhapura?

Anuradhapura weather is tropical in nature and it is influenced by monsoon winds. All most all the year, this place has a temperature is usually hot and humid throughout the year average temperature 20°C and 30°C. the coldest month is January average temperature is 25°C to 21°C.

anuradhapura culture sri lanka
anuradhapura sri lanka


Geography of Anuradhapura Sri Lanka

Anuradhapura is a major city in Sri Lanka located in the North Central Province. It is approximately 201 kilometres south of Colombo and the capital of Anuradhapura District. Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, famous for its well-preserved ruins of an ancient Sinhala civilization. It was the third capital of the kingdom of Rajarata, following the kingdoms of Tambapanni and Upatissa Nuwara.

How to Reach Mirissa by Bus?

Generally, buses from Colombo and Galle starts and will take you to Mirissa. If you journey from Colombo, it will take around 5 Hours  to reach Mirissa.  On the other hand, if you take the Galle to Mirissa route, it will take around 2 hours and 30 mints as well.

How to Reach Anuradhapura by Train?

Take bus 187 From Airport to Colombo “Fort Railway Station” for around 100 Rupees. You can purchase a 2nd or 3rd class ticket to Anradhapura when you arrive at the railway station for around 250 to 480 Rupees it will take 5 hours and 27 min to reach. Don’t expect to get a seat on this train as they are generally always packed.

Anuradhapura bus stand

New Buses heading to points east and north start here. Services include to Jaffna, Mihintale, Polonnaruwa and Trinco

Anuradhapura bus stand contact No : +94252222325 · +94252222564. (Depot Anuradhapura)

Location :

How to reserve railway ticket in Sri Lanka

Visiting Railway Stations from 30 days before the date of the journey.

Contact Person – Station Superintendent/ Station Master

  1. Colombo Fort Railway Station (Reservation Office) – 011-2432908
  2. Kandy Railway Station           – 081-2222271
  3. Anuradhapura Railway Station – 025-2222271
  4. Vauniya Railway Station         – 024-2222271
  5. Jaffna Railway Station           – 021-2222271

Best time to visit Anuradhapura?

April through September with average temperature the hottest time of the year May, June and July, with the highest being 35.3°C in the latter half of May; and night temperature is 26°C roughly.

Annual Rainfall in Anuradhapura

Southwest Monsoon Season

May to October; Almost 400mm although the rain does not stay for long, the storms appear strongest during May. The temperature drops in Anuradhapura as the season progresses; from 29°C in May it falls and fluctuates between 26°C to 28°C in October. Anuradhapura receives less than seven hours of sunshine each day during the season.

First Inter-Monsoon Season

October to November; Anuradhapura receives an exceptionally high level of rainfall. Throughout the season it witnesses storms, sudden, and violent wind.

Northeast monsoon season

December to March. The level of rainfall reduces gradually and the city has more hours of sunshine. The average high temperature climbs again and stays at 30°C.

Second Inter-Monsoon Season

March to mid-May. Clear skies and a great level of sunshine can be expected during this season, although heavy showers can occur.

40 Places to visit in Anuradhapura & Around

1. Abhayagiri Dagoba
2. Ruvanvelisaya Dagoba
3. Tissa Wewa
4. Sri Maha Bodhi
5. Archaeological Museum
6. Padeniya Raja Maha Viharaya
7. Jetavanaramaya
8. Isurumuniya Vihara
9. Lovamahapaya
10. Sandahiru Seya
11. Thanthirimale
12. Lovamahapaya
13. Royal Pleasure Gardens
14. Thuparama Dagoba
15. Kuttam Pokuna
16. Padeniya Raja Maha Viharaya
17. Wilpattu National Park
18. Jetavanarama Museum
19. Moonstone
20. Mirisavatiya Dagoba
21. Abhayagiri Museum
22. Eth Pokuna (Elephant Pond)
23. Alms Hall
24. Kaparamula
25. Padhanagara
26. Nuwara Wewa
27. Lankarama Dagoba
28. Vessagiriya
29. Lowamahapaya
30. The Royal Palace
31. Dakkhina Stupa
32. Mihintale
33. Saliyapura
34. Side trips from Anuradhapura
35. Sigiriya
36. Kaudulla National Park
37. Habarana
38. Golden Temple of Dambulla
39. Pidurangala Rock
40. Ritigala Forest Monastery

Map of Anuradhapura