According to the ancient Sri Lankan chronicle King Kashyapa (477 – 495 AD) He built his palace on the top of this rock and decorated its sides with colorful frescoes. Since the 3th century BC Sigiriya was used as a monastery and after eight centuries it was turned into a royal palace.
The construction and early history of the palace and fortress of Sigiriya is connected with several tragic events in the relationship of two royal brothers – Kasyapa and Moggallana. King Kasyapa (477-495 AD) illegally took the throne.
The legal heir of the throne Maggallana was forced to escape to India. Fearing an attack by his brother Kasyapa decided to move the capital from Anuradhapura to the central parts of Sri Lanka. He constructed a royal palace on a high rock to make sure it will not be invaded by the right heir of the throne Maggallana.
The palace – Sigiriya was constructed using the most advanced technologies of the time and was richly decorated with colorful frescos. After Kasyapa was killed in the battle with his brother’s army, the capital was moved back to Anuradhapura. Maggallana destroyed the palace of his brother and Sigiriya became a Buddhist monastery again. Approximately a thousand years later – in the 14th century it was abandoned also by monks.
In 1831 Europeans accidentally discovered Sigiriya. Jonathan Forbes – a major of the British army discovered it on his way from Polonnaruwa – a city in central Sri Lanka. The site immediately attracted the attention of historians and archaeologists, but only in the 1980s major excavations took place here.
Archeologists discovered the 5th century citadel, royal palace, gardens, parks and 1500 years old frescoes on the western wall of the complex, some parts of which remained amazingly unaltered.
Sigiriya is an ancient rock located in the North Matale District. It is approximately 174 kilometers south of Colombo and the near town of Dambulla in the Central Province Sri Lanka, The name refers to a site of historical and archaeological significance that is dominated by a massive column of rock nearly 200 metres (660 ft) high.
Generally, buses from Colombo and Airport starts and will take you to Sigiriya If you journey from Colombo, it will take around Six to reach Sigirya. On the other hand, if you take the Polonnaruwa to Sigirya route, it will take around 2 hours and 15 Minuts as well.
Take bus 187 From Airport to Colombo “Fort Railway Station” for around 100 Rupees. You can purchase a 2nd or 3rd class ticket to Anradhapura when you arrive at the railway station for around 360 to 600 Rupees it will take 5 hours and 27 min to reach Habaran, from Habaran to Sigirya you need to take taxi. Don’t expect to get a seat on this train as they are generally always packed.
New Buses heading to points east and north start here. Services include to Jaffna, Mihintale, Polonnaruwa and Trinco
Anuradhapura bus stand contact No : +94252222325 · +94252222564. (Depot Anuradhapura)
Location : https://goo.gl/maps/HmyjyE11GSS4dzUy7
Visiting Railway Stations from 30 days before the date of the journey.
Contact Person – Station Superintendent/ Station Master
Sigiriya weather is tropical in nature and it is influenced by monsoon winds. All most all the year, this place has a temperature is usually hot and humid throughout the year average temperature 20°C and 30°C. the coldest month is January average temperature is 25°C to 21°C.
April through September with average temperature the hottest time of the year May, June and July, with the highest being 35.3°C in the latter half of May; and night temperature is 26°C roughly.
May to October; Almost 400mm although the rain does not stay for long, the storms appear strongest during May. The temperature drops in Anuradhapura as the season progresses; from 29°C in May it falls and fluctuates between 26°C to 28°C in October. Anuradhapura receives less than seven hours of sunshine each day during the season.
October to November; Anuradhapura receives an exceptionally high level of rainfall. Throughout the season it witnesses storms, sudden, and violent wind.
December to March. The level of rainfall reduces gradually and the city has more hours of sunshine. The average high temperature climbs again and stays at 30°C.
March to mid-May. Clear skies and a great level of sunshine can be expected during this season, although heavy showers can occur.
1. Climb Sigiriya Rock (Aka Lion Rock)
2. Enter Pidurangala Rock
3. Sigiriya Museum
4. Visit the “Sigiriya Handyman”
5. Elephants At Minneriya National Park
6. Stay overnight in a Treehouse
7. Kaudulla National Park
8. Cycling Tour Of Sigiriya
9. Hot Air Balloon Ride!
10. Hiriwadunna Village tour
11. Kaudulla National Park
12. Polonnaruwa day tour
13. Dambulla Cave Temple
14. Day Tour To Anuradhapura