The Yala National Park is the most visited park in Sri Lanka Yala was designated a wildlife sanctuary in 1900 and was designated a national park in 1938. Ironically, the park was initially used as a hunting ground for the elite under British rule. the park has a protected area of nearly 130,000 hectares and its open for public 1268 square kilometres of land consisting of light forests, scrubs, grasslands, tanks and lagoons. Two blocks are currently opened to the public.
it’s very rich in wildlife home for 44 varieties of mammal and 215 bird species and you’re virtually certain to encounter elephants, crocodiles, buffaloes and monkeys. Plan your trip carefully, however – such is Yala’s appeal that the main tracks and viewing spots can be crowded.
The busiest month for tourism in Yala, Sri Lanka is December, followed by October and August. Prices for hotels and flights will be most expensive during these months, though you can save if you purchase well in advance. Tourists are unlikely to visit Yala in June. Those willing to visit at these times will likely find it the least expensive month for more details.
Average temperatures in Yala vary barely at all. Considering humidity, temperatures feel hot all year with a fair chance of precipitation about half of the year. The area is less temperate than some — in the 14th percentile for pleasant weather — compared to tourist destinations worldwide. If you’re looking for the very warmest time to visit Yala, the hottest months are May, April, and then July. See average monthly temperatures below. The warmest time of year is generally early to mid May where highs are regularly around 90.6°F (32.6°C) with temperatures rarely dropping below 78.9°F (26.1°C) at night for More details.
Open daily: 6am-6pm :
The best time to enter the park is when the park opens after 6:00am or after 4:00pm when animals come up after taking cover from the sun. You may also opportunity for a full day tour. It is better to arrive before 1 hour the scheduled timings of the safari.
The Sri Lankan elephant is one of three recognized subspecies of Asian elephants. The life of the elephants estimated to be 60 to 75 years, these are happen to be the largest and the darkest of the Asian elephants, though still smaller than African elephants. They can reach a height of 8-11.5 feet at the shoulders and weigh up to 5.5 metric tons.
The Sri Lankan elephant population is now largely restricted to the dry zone in the north, east and southeast of Sri Lanka. Elephants are present in Udawalawe National Park, Yala National Park, Lunugamvehera National Park, Wilpattu National Park and Minneriya National Park but also live outside protected areas.
Yala National Park is home for wild elephants, buffaloes, leopards, monkeys, crocodiles, wild boars and bears.
February-June/July is the optimum time to visit when water tables are low. Leopard, elephant and many smaller animals are competing for the same drinking supply. You are likely also to see sloth bears, deer, wild boar, buffaloes, crocodiles and monkeys. Birds are in profusion – up to 130 species.
The number of water birds inhabiting the wetlands of Yala is around 90, and roughly half of them are migrants. These include waterfowls (Lesser Whistling Duck, Garganey), Cormorants (Little Cormorant, Indian Cormorant), large waterbirds (Grey Heron, Black-headed Ibis, Eurasian Spoonbill, Asian Openbill, Painted Stork), medium-sized waders Tringa spp., and small waders Charadrius spp. Black-necked Stork and Lesser Adjutant are some of the rare birds that can be seen in the park.
The migrant Great White Pelican and resident Spot-billed Pelican have also been sighted at Yala. Other water birds attracted to the Yala lagoons include Lesser Flamingo and pelicans, as well as rare species such as Purple Heron, Night herons, Egrets, Purple Swamphen and the Oriental Darter. Thousands of waterfowls migrate to the lagoons of Yala during the northeast monsoon.
They are Northern Pintail, White-winged Tern, Eurasian Curlew, Whimbrel, Godwits, and Ruddy Turnstone. The visiting species mingle with residing Lesser Whistling Duck, Yellow-wattled Lapwing, Red-wattled Lapwing, and Great Stone-curlew. Rock Pigeon, Barred Buttonquail, Indian Peafowl, Black Stork, Black-winged Stilt, and Greater Flamingo are among the other bird species that call Yala their home. Crested Serpent-eagle and White-bellied Sea Eagle are the raptors of the park. The forest birds are Orange-breasted Green Pigeon, Hornbills, Old World flycatchers, Asian Paradise-flycatcher, Asian barbets, and Orioles. If you are not into bird watching, these magnificent flying machines invite you to study them, get to know them and be wowed by them.
Generally, buses from Colombo it will take you to Tissamaharama from thissa tissamaharama you need to take taxi . it will take around 7 hours to reach Yala.
Yala national park to Colombo 264 Km if you take private taxi it will take around 4 hours and bus will take 7 hours .
Tissamaharama to yala national park 21 Km and it will take 33 min to reach by private taxi
Unawatuna to Yala national park 56 Km and it will take 2 hour to reach and bus will take 3 hours to reach tissamaharama and from you need to take private taxi.
1. Go for Yala National Park Safari
2. Boat ride at Tissa Wewa Lake
3. Visit Yatala Wehera
4. Visit Sithulpawwa Buddhist Monastery
5. Visit Tissamaharma Dagoba
6. Visit Diyaluma FallsVisit Wirawila Bird Sanctuary
7. Casually stroll around the Debarawewa Lake
8. Canoeing in Yodakandiya Lake
9. Get lost in Bundala Birds Paradise
10. Take a walk through the Kirinda Fishing Village